According to mythology, the island was given the name Anafi because it emerged from the depths of the sea to give refuge to the Argonauts
from a bad storm. Others say that the name is due to the non-existence of snakes on the island: " An Ofis
" (without snakes). In spite of its small geographical size, Anafi offers archaeological as well as mythological interest. At the monastery of Panagia Kalamiotisa, there are ruins of a temple built as an offering to the god Apollo
Aegletus. Ruins can also be found at Kasteli, and most of the findings, such as the statues, are now located at the "Archaeological Museum" at the Chora
, in an extremely small room housing these ancient findings.